When learning a new language, it is important to remember that there are four aspects to learn while studying. We need to endeavour to develop our skills separately in:
Each skill is important for mastering a language. Listening and reading are both considered ‘passive’ skills, where the learner can understand the message but is not required to respond. Writing and speaking are both considered ‘active’ skills, so both require more thinking to create a response in communicating.
Generally speaking, the quantity of vocabulary that we passively know is many times more than the number of vocabulary in our active memory. Hence, to become better speakers, it takes some effort and practice to shift vocabulary from our passive memory into our active memory. Choosing the word we want to use and practicing the word until we can remember the word without active thinking is an important step in improving our speaking skills.